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Wood Species

Name
Wood
Janka Rating
Cherry, Black
950

Cherry, Black
Prunus serotina

Also known as: American Cherry, North American Cherry

Not to be confused with other domestic and exotic species with similar names, such as Brazilian cherry, or jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril), which is extremely dense and strong and has a different color and texture compared to black cherry.

Origin: North America

Appearance:

Prized for its rich color and fine graining, black cherry is commonly seen in American cabinetry and furniture. The fine, satiny texture of the wood is uniform and frequently wavy, with distinctive gum veins and pockets. The lustrous heartwood ranges from light to dark reddish brown, contrasting sharply with the sapwood, which may be light brown to pale with a light pinkish tone; however, between boards there may be significant color variations. Black cherry is extremely light-sensitive, so there is a strong color change and darkening over a short period time when the wood is first exposed to light.

Resistance, Durability:

A strong but moderately hard wood with excellent shock resistance; commonly found in borders and accents.

Janka Hardness: 950

As a flooring choice, black cherry is just under forty-four percent harder than Douglas fir, five percent softer than teak, around seventy-three percent as hard as red oak, close to two thirds as hard as hard maple, about fifty-eight percent as hard as wenge, approximately fifty-two percent as hard as hickory or pecan, and nearly forty-three percent as hard as santos mahogany's ranking of 2200.

Workability:

Black cherry has good machining, sanding, and holding ability, and is high in bending strength.

Main Uses:

Second only to black walnut in value as a fine hardwood species, black cherry is commonly found in fine furniture, veneers, and wood flooring borders and accents. It is also used for printing and engraving blocks, professional and scientific instruments, and decorative items.

What is a Janka Rating?

"It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. It is also a good indicator of how hard a species is to saw or nail.

The hardness of wood usually varies with the direction of the wood grain.

A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring."

Colored Bamboo

Some species have different janka ratings depending on how they have been treated.

Bamboo is one example of this. If left with a natural finish, Bamboo falls at 1380 on the hardness scale. If you carbonize it to get a darker color, the rank falls to 1180.

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